J. K. Thornton, '"I Am the Subject of the King of
I have finally gotten to this essay, which was left over from the past semester; glad that I did so. Not surprising, exactly, since I’ve heard about it several times, but satisfying.
The civil wars in Kongo,
Eh! Eh! Bomba, hen! hen!
Canga bafio té
Canga moune dé lé
Canga doki la
Unsurprisingly, the crucial word for Thornton is ‘Canga,’ or kanga, which can mean ‘to bind,’ ‘to kill,’ and also can carry the connotation of Christian salvation, as for instance it did in the 18th century Kongo, which officially became a Christian kingdom in the early 16th century. Historians who see the Haitian Revolution in purely racial terms tend to read these words as declarations of race war.
What does the Europeanist think of all this? At first I was concerned that